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Connective Tissue Knee (Right)

R Lateral Gastrocnemius Bursa

This is the bursa between the lateral head of the gastrocnemius and the joint capsule;


R Subcutaneous Prepatellar Bursa

This lies between the skin of the knee and the patella, permitting movement of the skin;


R Iliotibial Tract Bursa

This is a longitudinal fibrous reinforcement of the fascia lata. The action of the ITB and its associated muscles is to extend, abduct, and laterally rotate the hip. In addition, the ITB contributes to lateral knee stabilization;


R Arcuate Popliteal Ligament

The arcuate popliteal ligament is an extracapsular ligamentof the knee. It is Y-shaped and is attached to the head of the fibula;


R Biceps Femoris Bursa

The fibular bursa between the lateral fibular collateral ligament and the tendon of the biceps femoris. and the subpopliteal recess or bursa between the tendon of the popliteus and the lateral condyle of the femur;


R Lateral Meniscus

The lateral meniscus external semilunar fibrocartilage is a fibrocartilaginous band that spans the lateral side of the interior of the knee joint. It is one of two menisci of the knee, the other being the medial meniscus. It is nearly circular and covers a larger portion of the articular surface than the medial;


R Fibular Collateral Ligament

This is a ligament located on the lateral (outer) side of the knee, and thus belongs to the extrinsic knee ligaments and posterolateral corner of the knee;


R Fibular Collateral Bursa

The lateral collateral (fibular collateral) ligament prevents side-to-side displacement of the knee in the outer direction. It consists of a strong, round cord located between the lateral condyle of the femur (thigh bone) and the head of the fibula at the knee joint;


R Fibular Ligament

This is a ligament located on the lateral (outer) side of the knee, and thus belongs to the extrinsic knee ligaments and posterolateral corner of the knee;


R Lateral Patellar Ligament

The lateral patellar ligament, along with its medial counterpart, is a part of the patellar ligament. These two ligaments are very soft and tender;


R Medial Patellar Ligament

The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) helps to keep the kneecap centered along the front of the knee, so that it tracks well during knee movements;


R Medial Gastrocnemius Bursa

This is the bursa between the medial head of the gastrocnemius and the joint capsule;


R Oblique Popliteal Ligament

This is a broad, flat, fibrous band, formed of fasciculi separated from one another by apertures for the passage of vessels and nerves. It is attached above to the upper margin of the intercondyloid fossa and posterior surface of the femur close to the articular margins of the condyles, and below to the posterior margin of the head of the tibia. Superficial to the main part of the ligament is a strong fasciculus, derived from the tendon of the Semimembranosus and passing from the back part of the medial condyle of the tibia obliquely upward and lateralward to the back part of the lateral condyle of the femur;


R Posterior Cruciate Ligament

This is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. It connects the posteriorintercondylar area of the tibia to the medial condyle of the femur. This configuration allows the PCL to resist forces pushing the tibia posteriorly relative to the femur;


R Anterior Cruciate Ligament

This is a cruciate ligament of each knee that attaches the front of the tibia with the back of the femur and functions especially to prevent hyperextension of the knee;


R Semimembranosus Bursa

This is located at the posteromedial aspect of the knee at the medial aspect of the semimembranosus tendon;


R Medial Meniscus

This is a fibrocartilage semicircular band that spans the knee joint medially, located between the medial condyle of the femur and the medial condyle of the tibia. It is also referred to as the internal semilunar fibrocartilage. The medial meniscus has more of a crescent shape while the lateral meniscus is more circular. The anterior aspects of both menisci are connected by the transverse ligament. It is a common site of injury, especially if the knee is twisted;


R Tibial Collateral Ligament

This is also called the superficial medial collateral ligament. It is about eight to ten centimeters long and stretches from femur’s medial epicondyle (a bony protrusion at the bottom, inner-side of the bone) to the two attachments on the tibia bone. It is a flat, band-like object located on the knee’s medial (middle) aspect. This strong band is located under the insertion points of the gracillis, sartorius, and semitendinosus muscles. The ligament reinforces the knee’s articular capsule’s medial surface;


R Transverse Ligament

The transverse ligament is a variable band-like intracapsular knee ligament. It attaches transversely across the anterior aspects of the convex margins of the medial and lateral menisci;


R Anserine Bursa

The bursa between the tibial collateral ligaments of the knee joint and the common attaching formation formed by the tendons of the Sartorius, gracilis, and semitendinosus muscle;


R Deep Infrapatellar Bursa

Infrapatellar bursitis or clergyman’s knee as it may sometimes be known as is inflammation of the infrapatellar bursa. The deep bursa lies between the patellar ligament and the upper front surface of the tibia or shin bone. The superficial bursa is situated between the patellar ligament orpatellar tendon and the skin;


R Knee Joint Capsule

This is the structure surrounding the knee, made up of ligaments, bone, and fluid-filled cavities. It allows the full knee to have flexion, or bending motion, due to the folds within the capsule;