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Ear (Right)

R Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber. The cornea, with the anterior chamber and lens, refracts light, with the cornea accounting for approximately two-thirds of the eye’s total optical power;


R Cartilage

This is a firm, whitish, flexible connective tissue found in various forms in the larynx and respiratory tract, in structures such as the external ear, and in the articulating surfaces of joints. It is more widespread in the infant skeleton, being replaced by bone during growth;


R Ear Canal

This is a tube running from the outer ear to the middle ear. The adult human ear canal extends from the pinna to the eardrum and is about 2.5 centimetres (1 in) in length and 0.7 centimetres (0.3 in) in diameter;


R Mastoid Bone

This is a large, bony prominence on the base of the skull behind the ear, containing air spaces that connect with the middle ear cavity;


R Incus

This is a small anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear, transmitting vibrations between the malleus and stapes;


R Cochlea

This is the spiral cavity of the inner ear containing the organ of Corti, which produces nerve impulses in response to sound vibrations;


R Semicircular Canals

These are three fluid-filled bony channels in the inner ear. They are situated at right angles to each other and provide information about orientation to the brain to help maintain balance;


R Stapes

This is a small stirrup-shaped bone in the middle ear, transmitting vibrations from the incus to the inner ear;


R Malleus

This is a small bone in the middle ear that transmits vibrations of the eardrum to the incus;


R Tympanic Membrane

This is a membrane forming part of the organ of hearing, which vibrates in response to sound waves. In humans and other higher vertebrates it forms the eardrum, between the outer and middle ear;


R Nasopharynx

This is the upper part of the pharynx, connecting with the nasal cavity above the soft palate;